The incineration of garbage, particularly polyethylene bags and plastic bottles, causes great damage to the world. Polyethylene bags and plastic bottles typically break down in a range from 100 to 400 years. Annually, 8 billion tons of plastic waste is thrown into the world’s oceans. Each day that passes, the levels of trash in our oceans are increasing.
In an effort to reduce the amount of polyethylene waste, many countries have stopped distributing polyethylene bags for free in shops. In Armenia, the main water polluting materials are plastic bottles and polyethylene bags. Taking into consideration the previously described pollution issue, I would be very happy if the use of polyethylene bags is forbidden in Armenia and the production of biologically rapidly broken down bags is promoted.
Garbage incineration is another big issue today. Although the incineration decreases the amount of trash by 60-70%, it is not the most appropriate solution of the problem. Today garbage is burnt not only in the dumps but also in yards and streets. It has a direct negative influence on human health by polluting the air and depleting the ozone layer. Trash incineration in the fields is harmful too. It can cause the fire to disseminate as well as pollute the environment. Incineration of household and organic trash emits lots of toxic gases. Household trash among others includes polyethylene bags, pieces of iron and glass, containers, wheels, electronic devices, batteries, clothes, bottles, plastic goods, paints.
Organic garbage includes garden waste such as grass, straw, dried flowers, and leaves; food remains (mainly the peels of vegetables and fruits) as well as paper.
If we do not tackle these problems, they will cause a disaster.